Topology Analysis of Wireless Sensor Networks for Sandstorm Monitoring
Sandstorms are serious natural disasters, which are commonly seen in the Middle East, Northern Africa, and Northern China. In these regions, sandstorms have caused massive damages to the natural environment, national economy, and human health. To avoid such damages, it is necessary to effectively monitor the origin and development of sandstorms. To this end, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can be deployed in the regions where sandstorms generally originate so that sensor nodes can collaboratively perform sandstorm monitoring and rapidly convey the observations to remote administration center. Despite the potential advantages, the deployment of WSNs in the vicinity of sandstorms faces many unique challenges, such as the temporally buried sensors and increased path loss during sandstorms.