Black-box optimization problems are of practical importance throughout science and engineering. Hundreds of algorithms and heuristics have been developed to solve them. However, none of them outperforms any other on all problems. The success of a particular heuristic is always relative to a class of problems. So far, these problem classes are elusive and it is not known what algorithm to use on a given problem. Here, the authors describe the use of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) to extract implications about problem classes and algorithm performance from databases of empirical benchmarks.