Transforming While/Do/For/Foreach-Loops into Recursive Methods
In software engineering, taking a good election between recursion and iteration is essential because their efficiency and maintenance are different. In fact, developers often need to transform iteration into recursion (e.g., in debugging, to decompose the call graph into iterations); thus, it is quite surprising that there does not exist a public transformation from loops to recursion that handles all kinds of loops. This paper describes a transformation able to transform iterative loops into equivalent recursive methods. The transformation is described for the programming language Java, but it is general enough as to be adapted to many other languages that allow iteration and recursion.