User Association for Load Balancing in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks

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Provided by: University of Texas at Arlington
Topic: Mobility
Format: PDF
To meet surging traffic demands, cellular networks are trending strongly towards increasing heterogeneity, especially through proliferation of small BSs, e.g., picocells and femtocells, which differ primarily in terms of maximum transmit power, physical size, ease-of-deployment and cost. For small cell technology to significantly increase the capacity of tower-based cellular networks, mobile users will need to be actively pushed onto the more lightly loaded tiers (corresponding to, e.g., pico and femtocells), even if they offer a lower instantaneous SINR than the macrocell Base Station (BS). Optimizing a function of the long-term rates for each user requires (in general) a massive utility maximization problem over all the SINRs and BS loads.
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