Wage Rigidity And Disinflation In Emerging Countries

This paper examines the consequences of rapid disinflation for downward wage rigidities in two emerging countries, Brazil and Uruguay, relying on high quality matched employer-employee administrative data. Downward nominal wage rigidities are more important in Uruguay, while wage indexation is dominant in Brazil. Two regime changes are observed during the sample period, 1995-2004: in Uruguay wage indexation declines, while workers' resistance to nominal wage cuts becomes more pronounced; and in Brazil, the introduction of inflation targeting by the Central Bank in 1999 shifts the focal point of wage negotiations from changes in the minimum wage to expected inflation.

Provided by: Institute for the Study of Labor Topic: Big Data Date Added: Jun 2011 Format: PDF

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