International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research
Energy efficiency and balancing is one of the primary challenges for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) since the tiny sensor nodes cannot be easily recharged once they are deployed. Up to now, many energy efficient routing algorithms or protocols have been proposed with techniques like clustering, data aggregation and location tracking etc. Wireless sensor networks are large scale networks consisting of a large number of tiny sensor nodes and few base stations, which communicate using multi-hop wireless communications. In this paper, a Distance-based Energy Aware Routing (DEAR) algorithm is proposed to ensure energy efficiency and energy balancing based on theoretical analysis of different energy and traffic models.