According to Microsoft, a section is "a portion of a document in which you set certain page formatting options." It might help to think of sections as rooms in a house. They're all part of the same dwelling, but each room has its own purpose and décor. This autonomy lends flexibility, but it can lead to questions about numbering pages -- where do you start numbering, does each section start over with page 1, and so on. Fortunately, adding sections actually makes complex page numbering schemes easier, not more difficult.
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1: Determine page numbering needs for each section
Before you can number anything, you have to discern what each section comprises. The results will be specific to each document. For instance, a book can have several elements, or sections: a title page, a table of contents, numerous chapters, and so on. Sections allow you to treat each of these elements as a single unit.
Once you identify the sections, you must decide how you want to number each one: Where is page 1, will each section begin with page 1, and so on.
2: Create the sectionsOnce you know what constitutes a section, you can get to work creating them. Creating a section is easy. For instance, Figure A shows a preview of a document with five elements: a title page, a table of contents, chapter 1, an appendix, and an index. Let's create a section break between the table of contents and the first page of chapter 1 as follows:
- Position the insertion point between the two elements. If there's a page break between them, it's often easier to insert the section break at the end of the preceding page. Click Show/Hide to display formatting marks, if necessary (in the Paragraph group on the Home tab in Word 2007 and 2010).
- From the Insert menu, choose Break and choose Next Page in the Section Break Types section, as shown in Figure B. In Word 2007 and 2010, click the Page Layout tab | Breaks in the Page Setup group | Next Page.
- Click OK.
You can treat each of these elements as a section.
Enter a section break.
3: Check for extra pagesIf there's a page break between the two elements before you insert the section break, you'll end up with an extra page, as shown in Figure C. If this happens, just delete it. Work from the end of the preceding page so you're less likely to miss that extra page.
Print Preview shows a new blank and unnecessary page between the table of contents and the first page of chapter 1.
This is one time when planning comes in handy. If you know you're going to divide the document into sections, insert section breaks instead of page breaks. On the other hand, it's easy to delete the extra pages.
4: Add a header or footer -- maybe
Most page numbers appear in a document's header or footer section (although that's not strictly necessary). To add a header, choose Header And Footer from the View menu. In Word 2007 and 2010, double-click above the top margin or click the Insert tab | Header (in the Header & Footer group) | Blank.
5: Enable page numbering
As mentioned, page numbering doesn't always begin with the first page. For instance, in the example book document, you might want to avoid page numbering until the first page of chapter 1. In this case, you'd select the first page of chapter 1 -- that's also the first page of section 2. Then, to enable page numbering for chapter 1 and beyond, you'd open the header (or footer, depending on where you want the page number to appear). On the Header And Footer toolbar (that Word launches when you open a header or footer), click Insert Page Number. In Word 2007 and 2010, click the Design context tab | Page Number (in the Header & Footer group) | Top of Page | Plain Number 1. (The last two options are preferential.)As you can see in Figure D, Word displays the page number 3. That's because the current page is the third page in the document. At this point, page numbering still evaluates the entire document, even though you're currently working in a section. (Don't close the header or browse to another page.)
By default, page number continuous from section to section.
6: Break the connection
As you just learned in the previous step, page numbering isn't autonomous in sections by default. You must break the connection between the two sections. To break the connection between the first and second sections, click Link To Previous on the Header And Footer toolbar. (If you closed the header in the last step, reopen it and Word will display the Header And Footer toolbar.) In Word 2007 and 2010, click the Design context tab | Link To Previous (in the Navigation group).
The page number is still 3, but don't worry.
7: Reset page numbering
Breaking the connection isn't enough; you must also reset the page numbering option, as follows:
- On the Header And Footer toolbar, click Format Page Number. In Word 2007 and 2010, click the Design context tab | Page Number (in the Header & Footer group) | Format Page Number.
- n the resulting dialog box, select the Start At option in the Page Number section. Enter 1, as shown in Figure E.
- Click OK. As you can see in Figure F, the page number is now 1, even though this page is actually the third page in the document.
Reset page number for the current section.
After resetting the section's page number, the first page of the section is 1.
8: Disable page numbering for the title page
Chapter 1 begins with the page number 1 -- that's good. But the first two pages of the document, the title page and table of contents page, still display page numbers 1 and 2, respectively. Fortunately, you can easily inhibit this legacy numbering as follows:
- Go to the first page and open the header (if necessary).
- Highlight the page number.
- Press Delete.
Notice that deleting the page number field on page 1 also deletes the page number field on page 2. That's because these two pages are both part of the same section.
9: Number the appendix
If you check the appendix page (page 4 in the document), you'll see that it displays the page number 2. Similarly, the last page, the index, displays the number 3. As far as Word is concerned, the appendix and index pages are part of the second section, which begins with chapter 1. Right now, there's only one section break in the document.
There's an easy fix for this situation. Simply add a section break after the chapter 1 section. Position the insertion point at the end of the chapter and repeat the steps in #2. Unlike before, you don't have to break the connection and reset the page number, because you changed those default settings earlier.
10: Number the index
You'll probably want the index page to have its own page numbering, similar to the chapter and appendix section. The easy answer is to make a section for the index by repeating the process in #9. Position the insertion point at the end of the appendix and insert a section break.
Susan Sales Harkins is an IT consultant, specializing in desktop solutions. Previously, she was editor in chief for The Cobb Group, the world's largest publisher of technical journals.