A server's NetBIOS name is what we still use as the single most consistent identifier for file sharing resources. Each time we access a file share resource in the \\server\share format, we are accessing the server's NetBIOS name. You could access file resources in the \\server.fullyqualified.domain\share format, but I haven't known many admins to go that route.
For the NetBIOS name of a server, this is currently set as a single value within Server Manager; but a Windows server is very capable of serving multiple NetBIOS names. Look no further than clustering services to host a computer name for a clustered service or resource; this is the most frequent implementation of a multiple NetBIOS names being served. In the case of clustering, the clustered resource computer name is usually different than the member servers, so it can easily be moved between each server.
The best reason to manually configure multiple NetBIOS names on a single server is to move something from a cluster to a standalone server. A good example is migrating a file server cluster that has multiple computer name resources to a single server that is a virtual machine. In most situations, clustering services are only used to provide availability; in today's infrastructure, that availability can easily be delivered with virtual machines. You may be able to step down from Windows Enterprise Edition to Standard Edition, as clustering services are not required at this point; this would also reduce your Windows costs.You can add another NetBIOS name in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\LanmanServer\Parameters section of the Windows registry by adding the OptionalNames string value. If three or more NetBIOS names are required, use the multi-string value with the same name. Figure A shows the name VSERVER1 added to an existing server. Figure A
Click the image to enlarge.This NetBIOS name is not treated the same as the server's "primary" name. To aid in name resolution, I recommend that you add a DNS CNAME record that points to the server's primary name. Note: Editing the registry is risky, so be sure you have a verified backup before making any changes.
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Rick Vanover is a software strategy specialist for Veeam Software, based in Columbus, Ohio. Rick has years of IT experience and focuses on virtualization, Windows-based server administration, and system hardware.