Cloud investigate

Private vs. public cloud: Why the supposed debate is really no debate at all

Hybrid cloud solutions are popular for organizations who want cloud benefits but want to retain some control. Here's one perspective that argues that the public cloud is the way to go.

By Kris Bliesner

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The pundits would have you believe there is a popular debate and a difficult decision among IT architects - whether to go with a private cloud deployment, public cloud deployment, or a hybrid combination. They say the decision comes down to factors that are individual to each organization. But the truth is, there really is no debate at all (at least there shouldn’t be).

Private cloud is inefficient. It is built on a model that encourages bad overprovisioning. In fact in order to get maximum benefit from private cloud – true elasticity – you have to overprovision. The public cloud, on the other hand, is the most widely applicable and delivers the most value to a majority of businesses.

Here is why the public cloud should be your only consideration:

#1 The need for regulatory compliance. Security or privacy regulations and audits are often years behind the industry, but their rules can be challenged. We’ve seen customers exceeding auditors’ expectations, make a case for their architecture, and win the day, providing them with all the benefits of a public cloud architecture with all the security needed by common regulatory requirements, even HIPAA, SOX, or DOD standards. This is hard to replicate with private clouds, because with internal data protection you are going to have internal SLAs and internal compliance checklists, which require frequent upkeep, higher costs and a more complicated infrastructure.

#2 Start-up companies need the public cloud. These companies are often involved in development with uncertain requirements. They don’t know what they might need day-to-day. And many can be on a very tight timeline to get their products to market. These situations mandate a public cloud deployment, like AWS, where more or less resources can be configured and absorbed in a matter of minutes. While they might maintain a small infrastructure onsite, the majority of their infrastructure simply has to be in the public cloud.

#3 Security needs to be a primary concern for any cloud-based deployment. Web and cloud security can change very quickly; and some perceive a public cloud infrastructure to be more vulnerable than a private cloud, but that’s actually a misconception. A private cloud allows IT to control the perimeter; but it’s also responsible for staying on top of a rapidly shifting security landscape and making all required fixes, updates, and upgrades. Public clouds take care of all that. Data is protected by both managed security on a software and physical level, since large-scale data centers like those used by public cloud providers have state-of-the-art security. For example, more than half of the U.S. Government has moved to the public cloud; and surprisingly the banking industry holds the most activity (64 percent) in the public cloud – over social media, online gaming, photo applications, and file sharing. [IT Consultants’ Insight on Business Technology, NSK Inc., "7 Statistics You Didn’t Know About Cloud Computing."]

#4 The need for redundancy and disaster recovery. To truly make a private cloud redundant, you need to host virtual mirrors of the entire infrastructure across multiple hosted providers, which can be public clouds themselves. To keep it completely private, organizations need to run those data centers itself – a vastly expensive proposition. There really isn’t a better choice for this scenario than a well architected cloud deployment. Taking AWS as an example, this cloud can be incredibly redundant if you take advantage of its lesser known features. Region-to-region redundancy, for instance, means the infrastructure is backed up not just in different data centers in the same general region (like the US Northeast, for example), but also in a second, removed region (such as the Pacific Northwest). Many AWS customers don’t even consider this and feel that multiple zones in the same region are enough. That’s possible, but opting for region-to-region puts data and virtual infrastructure in two very different locations, and should anything happen to one, the odds are very small that anything happened to the other. AWS can get very granular with such deployments, too, offering around the world redundancy and even ensuring that certain data centers are located on different seismic plates. This can be mirrored with a private cloud deployment, but the cost is colossal.

#5 Which brings us to the issue of cost. Budget is, of course, a huge factor in this decision and becomes a highly individual consideration with multiple factors that can affect a decision. Companies with large amounts of infrastructure already installed might find it cheaper to implement a private cloud, since in many cases they already have not only the hardware but also the operating systems and management tools required to build a private cloud. But the flip side is that hardware infrastructure, and the demands made on it by software, especially operating systems, changes about every 3-5 years.

Public cloud deployments are entirely virtual, which means the hardware hosting those virtual machines is irrelevant because it’s on the provider to keep that infrastructure current. That represents significant cost savings long term. Smaller companies that need to stretch their investment as far as it can go will see those benefits right away. These organizations will be very attracted to not only the infrastructure services offered by the public cloud, but also the application-level services offered by partners and other customers of providers like AWS. In this case, an organizations is not only deploying servers in the cloud, it’s feeding end-user applications on a subscription basis, bypassing the cost of software licensing, deployment, and updating. That’s very attractive to companies that want to be agile, regardless of the size of the company, with limited IT resources, and even companies who analyze their annual expenditures and find a public cloud deployment compares favorably to that cost.

Most IT professionals and market researchers contend that while the majority of businesses today are eyeing a hybrid deployment, that’s really because they’re being conservative. Yet we know that data centers are a single point of failure. So can we really afford to be conservative? How many private cloud deployments are fully redundant across multiple physical buildings on separate flood plains and earthquake zones? For the small group that has implemented full redundancy at the data center level – try asking for their hypervisor license bill and their maintenance and support labor costs.

Private vs. public is a hot debate among technical circles, but in most cases, taking a long, careful look at the public cloud will show it to be the best-case answer. Is successful private cloud deployment possible? Of course. Is it efficient? No.

Kris Bliesner is CEO and Co-Founder of 2nd Watch, Inc. In his position, Kris is responsible for the company’s growth and sustainability. Kris oversees strategic development of 2nd Watch’s cloud based software solutions, the technology development and customer technology solutions, the technology group, and the technology trends for the company.


5 comments
james
james

Really getting tired of Techrepublic allowing these 'Salespeople' space on here.  Are you surprised that the CEO of  a Cloud based solution would think that the 'public cloud' is the only solution?  My suggestion is to stay as far away from 2nd Watch, Inc. as you can.  If they'll come on here and plug their service trying to sound like a knowledgeable third party I wouldn't trust them to hide other things in the fine print as well.

If you're going to give a cheap sales pitch, at least have the decency to come out and say it in the title or at least the first few lines of the article, not buried in an italicized disclosure at the bottom of the article!

Chirhostar
Chirhostar

The AP article headline in my newspaper today says, "Report: NSA collecting millions of contact lists"  But not to worry, I'm sure the government can be trusted to protect your data.  That they fished out of the cloud.  Without your knowledge.  And they certainly won't use that information against you in any way.  The NSA loves you, citizen.  

Chirhostar
Chirhostar

The headline for the AP article in my local newspaper is; "Report: NSA collecting millions of contact lists".  Not to worry, of course, the U.S.Government can be trusted to protect your data that they fish out of the cloud.  Without your knowledge.  And they won't use it against you because your protected by the constitution.  Besides, all you have to do is encrypt it.  And I'm sure "they" have no back doors. I know, I know, I'm just being paranoid...

lukes
lukes

I partially disagree with this, why? If you are a start up yes it can save you money and resources by going to the public cloud, I assume you mean companies like Google, amazon and possibly Blue cloud? That’s great at the beginning, but as you start to bring in specialist systems, let’s take for example accountants, they are going to be running specialized software like IRIS, Sage, or let’s say document management programs like In view (document management system).

These systems need to be in a private cloud either internally hosted or by specialist hosters such as Hosted desktop or Hosted Accountants, because of the nature of their data is sensitive.  I have yet to see any of the above mentioned products running in the public cloud.  (I am sure someone will point out different!)

Every company is different and every requirement is different for the company involved in making a choice. They have to think about what they want brought in to the cloud and whether it truly fits their needs.

So as far as I am concerned there has to be a debate, be it the It people looking after their firms data or a consultant, the issue is the same how does the cloud fit in to our operations, will it really helpful or a hindrance. Are we gaining anything in terms of productivity?

To say that there is no debate, that’s just not true.

studiox_swe
studiox_swe

Interesting view on costs. As CAPEX costs are a write-off over 3-5 years your infrastructure cost (by the books) are zero (0) after that period, and during that period are spread over the entire period. Yes journalists needs to talk about the cloud as everyone else is, but a ROI on cloud does not make sense for most companies.