Have a drawer full of old memory chips you can't identify? Here are some tips to help you sort through your help desk's RAM stockpile.
With the PC hardware market’s explosive growth over the last 10 years, the variety of RAM modules has expanded tremendously.
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Gone are the days when a 30-pin SIMM would work in almost any machine. Today’s support tech must contend with SIMMs, DIMMs, and RIMMs—just to name a few.
Being able to correctly identify a RAM chip and its properties can make your job a lot easier and cut down on your end users’ down time. This article offers a quick overview of many common RAM chips and some tips on how to identify them.
Single in-line memory modules (SIMMs) come in 30-pin and 72-pin variants. The best way to identify a SIMM chip is by a notch next to the contacts on one side. The 72-pin SIMM has a notch among the contacts in the middle.
Used extensively on older computers, Figure A shows a 30-pin, 3.5-inch SIMM chip (note the tin contacts).
The newer 72-pin, 4.25-inch SIMM chip is shown in Figure B (note the gold contacts).
A note about contact metals
Chip contacts are either gold- or tin-plated. I recommend chips with gold contacts because they don’t corrode. Also, never insert tin-plated chips into gold-plated sockets. Different metals will increase the likelihood of corrosion.
Dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs) have 168 pins and transfer data 64 bits at a time. DIMMs can easily be identified because they:
- Have no bottom-corner notch (like SIMMs have).
- Have semicircular holes on both sides.
- Have two notches among the contacts.
- Are installed perpendicular to the memory socket, unlike 72-pin SIMMs that are installed at a slight angle.
Figure C shows a 168-pin, 5.25-inch DIMM chip.
Small outline dual in-line memory modules (SO-DIMMs) are commonly used in notebook computers. SO-DIMM chips are smaller than standard DIMMs and come in 72-pin and 144-pin varieties.
Figure D shows a 144-pin, 2.66-inch SO-DIMM chip.
Figure E shows a 72-pin, 2.35-inch SO-DIMM chip.
The best way to identify an SO-DIMM is by the chip’s thinness. The 72-pin chip also has a notch on the side, while the 144-pin chip has a notch among the contacts.
SDRAM and DRAM chips
Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) is a generic term for different types of dynamic random access memory (DRAM), the most common form of RAM used for personal computers. DRAM chips store each bit of data in a storage cell comprised of a capacitor and a transistor. Because capacitors quickly lose their electric charge, DRAM chips must be recharged every few milliseconds to maintain their data. SDRAM chips use interleaving and burst-mode technologies to synchronize with the clock speed the CPU is optimized for, thus accelerating memory retrieval.
Figure F shows a 168-pin SDRAM chip.
|SDRAM chips look similar to DIMM chips but have fewer large processor modules.|
RIMM and SO-RIMM chips
Developed by Kingston Technology Company in conjunction with Intel and Rambus, Inc., RIMM is the trademarked name for a Direct Rambus in-line memory module. RIMM chips are similar to DIMMs but have 184 pins and transfer data in 16-bit chunks. SO-RIMM chips, which are 160-pin variants, are also available for small form factor devices.
RIMMs are faster than DIMMs but generate more heat. As such, heat spreaders made of aluminum are required to prevent overheating. On RIMM chips, heat spreaders cover most of the chip’s exterior, while SO-RIMM chips have narrower spreaders.
Figure G shows a 184-pin RIMM chip.
Figure H shows a 160-pin SO-RIMM chip.
|You can see the heat spreader forming an upside-down U shape on the chip. These spreaders can be used to identify RIMM or SO-RIMM chips.|
Wrapping it up
This article should help you distinguish between many common types of RAM. Remember to look for notches, the number of pins, the chip’s length, and the presence or absence of heat shields when trying to identify a particular chip.
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