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9 of the 10, after change the mainboard of XP or Windows 2000 system, it will not start up(blue screen) How to prevent this happened.

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by wcp In reply to HOW TO CHANGE XP/WIN2K MA ...

I have involved in replacing a motherboard in Windows XP numerous times and have not failed yet using the methods below.
It is the best practice backup important data before trying these.

If the current MB is dead, boot the computer on the new MB with Windows XP CD and proceed to Windows installation. After the Microsoft License Agreement, choose Repair. This is a process of reinstalling Windows on top of the current one. All SW and data should be intact.
If your Windows XP CD does not include Service Pack1 and you had installed Service Pack1 later, you may get an error message when you open System Properties after the reinstallation. If this is the case, you need to install Service Pack1 in Safe Mode.
Refer to MS KB Article 832323 "Rundll32.exe entry point not found". Or
Most of MS updates and all MS Hot Fixes should be reinstalled.
You may have to reactivate Windows.

If the current MB is not dead, boot the computer with the MB. Navigate to Device Manager. Uninstall all Network adaptors (including ethernet and firewire), Modem, and USB. Do not restart the computer on any of these processes. Uninstall all current chipset drivers from System Devices.
Now the critical parts, instead of uninstalling the current IDE controller, force upgrade the controller (e.g. Intel, Via, SIS, nForce, and so on) to Standard IDE Controller.
To do this,
Highlight the current controller. Right click. Choose "Update Driver" < "Install from a list of specific location" <| "Don't Search. I will choose the driver to install" < "Standard Dual Channel PCI IDE Controller" and Finish.
Do not restart. Turn the computer off. Replace the MB (or move the HD to the new MB) and turn the computer on. Let Windows find new HW. Install the MB drivers. All SW and data should be intact. All MS updates and Hot Fixes should be intact.
You may have to reactivate Windows.

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by wcp In reply to

The chipset drivers typically include PCI to ISA Bridge, CPU to AGP Controller, and CPU to PCI Bridge. In other words, uninstall any devices associated with the chipset (Intel, Via, SIS, and so on)

MS KB Article 824125
HOW TO: Replace the Motherboard on a Computer That Is Running Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003

The article describes the steps that you must perform to reconfigure Windows to work with the new motherboard (upgrading an existing one or replacing a failed one).

Back up your data before you try.
If the method of upgrading an existing motherboard does not work, use that of upgrading a failed motherboard.

MS KB article 312369
"You May Lose Data or Program Settings After Reinstalling, Repairing, or Upgrading Windows XP".

As you can see, some of the procedures do not apply to Windows 2000. Please adjust accordingly.

If you need more information, please add comment to your post.

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by TheChas In reply to HOW TO CHANGE XP/WIN2K MA ...

The advice from wpc is sound.

Just 1 addition.

I have been told that for XP, if you boot from the XP CD, choose install XP, and follow the prompts to perform a "REPAIR" installation that that works just fine.

You might also wish to check out the information at this site:


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by wlbowers In reply to HOW TO CHANGE XP/WIN2K MA ...

Microsoft Knowledgebase Article numbers concerning Inplace Upgrade:

2k Q292175

XP Q315341


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