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1. MOS 1101 - 1969
In light of the recent passing of former Intel CEO Andy Grove, and the 40th anniversary of the microprocessor, here’s a look back at Intel’s top contributions to the field.
Just one year after Boy Noyce and Gordon Moore started Intel, the company launched the 1101, its first metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) static RAM.
2. 4004 - 1971
The same year Intel introduced its EPROM technology, it also launched its first microprocessor, the 4004. It was initially advertised in the publication Electronic News.
3. 8008 - 1972
Intel’s first 8-bit processor, the 8008, made its debut in 1972.
4. PL/M - 1973
In 1973, Intel developed a high-level language for microprocessors called PL/M. It was developed by Gary Kildall, and featured hardware-specific features that made is easier to use with microprocessors.
5. 8080 - 1974
The next year Intel launched the 8080 processor, with 4,500 transistors and 10x performance of previous models. It eventually found its way into everyday items like traffic lights.
6. iSBC 80-10 - 1976
The world’s first single-board computer, Intel’s iSBC 80/10, came about in 1976. Intel originally billed it as the “lowest-cost computer system solution for OEM applications.”
7. The cooperative Ethernet project - 1980
In 1980, Intel partnered with Xerox and DEC on the cooperative Ethernet project to advocate for LAN communication.
8. 8088 - 1981
Intel’s 8088 was the processor chosen by IBM to power its PC line.
9. 80286 - 1982
Also known as the 286, the 80286 microprocessor helped further drive the growing PC market.
10. iPSC/1 - 1985
Using multiple 286 microprocessors, Intel built the iPSSC/1, its first supercomputer, in 1985. This was later followed up by the iPSC/2.
11. 386 - 1985
Intel’s 386 was a 32-bit chip that launched in 1985. Its big value was the fact that it could manage running multiple software programs simultaneously.
12. NetPort - 1990
The first generation of Intel’s NetPort print servers entered the world in 1990. These allowed printers to be shared more easily by multiple PC users.
13. 82420 - 1992
The 82420 chipset, introduced for use with the 486 processor, helped Intel move from its position as a manufacturer and provider of components, to one of the defining forces in PC systems.
14. Pentium processor - 1993
Containing more than three million transistors and boasting five times more power than the 486, the Pentium marked a new generation of processors for Intel. The first-generation Pentium processor arrived in 1993.
15. LANDesk - 1994
In 1994, Intel brought its LANDesk network manager software product to market. Intel later sold the LANDesk products in 2002.
16. StrongARM - 1998
Intel’s first low-power processors based on the company’s StrongARM technology came about in 1998, powering products like this Intel Web Tablet. Despite Intel being early to market, ARM surpassed Intel with the growth of the smartphone market.
17. Pentium III - 1999
Intel’s 32-bit Pentium III microprocessors hit the market in February 1999. The series was accompanied by the Celeron series on the low end and the Xeon series on the high end.
18. Pentium 4 - 2000
The Pentium 4 was based on the NetBurst microarchitecture, which was the first microarchitecture from the company since its P6.
19. XScale - 2000
The year 2000 also saw the introduction of the XScale microarchitecture. XScale was important because of its focus on wireless communication. This Colibri PXA270 is based on the XScale architecture.
20. PXA800F - 2003
With the rise of cell phones, Intel announced the PXA800F microchip in 2003. In the original press release, Intel called it the “‘Wireless-Internet-On-A-Chip’ For Cell Phones.”
21. Centrino - 2003
Originally codenamed “Carmel,” Centrino was introduced by Intel in 2003. Centrino was important because of its integrated wireless LAN.
22. Intel Inside Macintosh - 2005
The year 2005 marked the transition of Apple’s move from PowerPC to Intel processors, which came to fruition the following year. The move is seen by some as one of the key changes that helped Apple rise in popularity.
23. Quad-core processor - 2006
In 2006, Intel delivered the first quad-core processor for desktops and servers.
24. Atom - 2008
Intel’s next-generation low-power processor was the Atom, which came out in 2008. Originally geared toward netbooks, Atom processors can now be found in smartphones.
25. Ultrabook - 2011
Basically the PC knock-off version of a MacBook Air, the ultrabook was announced by Intel in 2011 as a three year project. Now, the PC industry has adopted the moniker to refer to most new laptops.
26. Ivy Bridge - 2012
In April 2012, Intel released the Ivy Bridge line of processors. Ivy Bridge processors were backwards compatible with Sandy Bridge and based on the 22nm manufacturing process.
27. Haswell - 2013
Originally launched at the Computex trade show in Taipei, the fourth generation of Intel’s core series is known as Haswell.
28. Core M - 2014
At IFA 2014, Intel’s Kirk Skaugen delivered a keynote where he announced the Core M processors. Core M was known for its low power consumption and was geared toward 2-in-1 laptops.
29. Skylake - 2015
Also debuting at IFA, this time in 2015, the Skylake microarchitecture processors will be able to power even smaller laptops and better support 4K video.
30. Broadwell-E - 2016?
The next innovation in Intel’s lineup is a rumored 10-core i7 processor known as the Broadwell-E. It will allegedly be debuted at Computex 2016 in Taipei, but nothing’s confirmed yet.