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Learning coding can be intimidating but researchers have brightened up the process by creating a programming playground using more than 100 origami robots that can crawl, swim and blossom like flowers.
The colourful landscape changes to reflect the action of distributed algorithms developed by the lab – opening flowers and changing the colour of LED lights inside blossoms.
The team from Massacheusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) say the garden provides an visually appealing way to get more young students into programming, and presented their work in a paper recently submitted to the 2015 International Conference on Robotics and Automation.
Shining a light
“Students can see their commands running in a physical environment, which tangibly links their coding efforts to the real world,” says Lindsay Sanneman, who is lead author on the new paper. “It’s meant to be a launchpad for schools to demonstrate basic concepts about algorithms and programming.”
The garden features eight varieties of origami flowers – including lilies, tulips, and birds of paradise – which contain printable motors to allow them to blossom in various ways.
“Many elements of the garden can be made very quickly, including the pouch motors and the LED flowers,” researcher Jospeh DelPreto, said. “We’re hoping that rapid fabrication techniques will continue to improve to the point that something like this could be easily built in a standard classroom.”
The garden is split into 16 tiles that are connected via Arduino microcontrollers and programmed via search algorithms.
Each algorithm explores space in different ways, with the outcome reflected in the appearance of the garden, for instance a graph-colouring algorithm that ensures no two adjacent tiles ever share the same colour.
Controlling the garden
The system can be managed via tablet or any Bluetooth-enabled device. Users can interact using a simple “control by click” interface, where they click on individual flowers, as well as a more advanced “control by code” option, where they add their own commands and execute sequences in real-time.
As well as flora, the garden also features a series of robot animals, such as this sheep, which was created using a traditional print-and-fold origami technique.
Other creatures include these magnet-powered ducks, which started as two-dimensional paper prints before being heated in an oven to cause them to automatically fold into shape.
“The garden tests distributed algorithms for over 100 distinct robots, which gives us a very large-scale platform for experimentation,” says CSAIL director Daniela Rus, the Andrew and Erna Viterbi Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and a co-author of the paper.
“At the same time, we hope that it also helps introduce students to topics like graph theory and networking in a way that’s both beautiful and engaging.”
Rus previously helped develop a distributed system of robots that watered, harvested, and took various metrics of an actual vegetable garden using complex motion-planning and object-recognition algorithms.