Decision Based Median Filter algorithm using Resource Optimized FPGA to Extract Impulse Noise

Median filter is a non-linear filter used in image processing for impulse noise removal. It finds its typical application in the situations where edges are to be preserved for higher level operations like segmentation, object recognition etc. This paper presents accurate and efficient noise detection and filtering algorithm for impulse noise removal. The algorithm includes two stages: noise detection followed by noise filtering. The proposed algorithm replaces the noisy pixel by using median value when other pixel values, 0’s or 255’s are present in the selected window and when all the pixel values are 0’s and 255’s then the noise pixel is replaced by mean value of all the elements present in the selected window.

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Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES)