Design, Modeling and Simulation of a Microcontroller Based Temperature Control in a Ventilation System
Performance evaluation of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controllers implemented with a clear objective to control the temperature of a ventilation system is the focal point of this paper. Mathematical models of plant (chamber) and actuator were developed. Controller design based on the models was also developed using Simulink. The models were validated through simulation using Matlab/Simulink and the Zeigler-Nichol tuning method was adopted as the tuning technique for varying the parameters of the PID controller in order to achieve a desirable transient response of the system when subjected to a unit step input. A schematic model of the system was also captured using proteus and the animated simulation was carried out to validate the system’s performance to varying temperature conditions within the chamber.