Networking

How to enable TCP BBR to improve network speed on Linux

Jack Wallen shows you how to use Google's much improved TCP Congestion Control Algorithm on Linux for significant networking speed gains.

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Image: Jack Wallen

Google developed a TCP Congestion Control Algorithm (CCA) called TCP Bottleneck Bandwidth and RRT (BBR) that overcomes many of the issues found in both Reno and CUBIC (the default CCAs). This new algorithm not only achieves significant bandwidth improvements, but also lower latency. TCP BBR is already employed with google.com servers, and now you can make it happen—so long as your Linux machine is running kernel 4.9 or newer.

Out of the box, Linux uses Reno and CUBIC. You can test this by issuing the command:

sysctl net.ipv4.tcp_available_congestion_control

The above command should report

net.ipv4.tcp_available_congestion_control = cubic reno

Let's make the change to BBR.

What you'll need

The first thing you need to do is make sure your Linux machine is running a supported kernel. Issue the command uname -r. If your kernel is earlier than 4.9, this won't work. You'll have to upgrade your kernel. For instance, out of the box Ubuntu 16.04 runs kernel 4.4. If your server is such that the kernel can be updated, Ubuntu now has a very easy means of updating to a much newer kernel. To do this, open a terminal window and issue the following two commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends linux-generic-hwe-16.04

After running the above commands, reboot the server. Once the server is booted, login and issue the uname -r command. You should now see the server running at least kernel 4.13 (as of this writing).

Now that you have a supporting kernel, let's set BBR as the default congestion control algorithm.

Setting BBR

Setting BBR as the default is simple. Open up a terminal window and issue the command sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf. At the bottom of this file, add the following two lines:

net.core.default_qdisc=fq
net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control=bbr

Save and close that file. Reload sysctl with the command sudo sysctl -p. Now when you check which congestion control algorithm is in use (with the command sysctl net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control), you will see output containing bbr (Figure A).

Figure A

Figure A

Our new congestion control algorithm is in place.

That's all there is to it. You can now enjoy Google's much improved CCA on Linux. You should see significant improvements with network speed on that server.

Also See

About Jack Wallen

Jack Wallen is an award-winning writer for TechRepublic and Linux.com. He’s an avid promoter of open source and the voice of The Android Expert. For more news about Jack Wallen, visit his website jackwallen.com.

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