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components on system board

By harleyy75110 ·
which components on the system board are used primarily for processing?

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components on system board

by maxwell edison In reply to components on system boar ...

Components inserted onto the system board:

The CPU: Central Processing unit. Single-processor motherboards are by far the most common, but dual processor and even quad processor boards are not hard to find.

RAM: Random access memory. Most motherboards come with between 2 and 8 sockets for the insertion of memory. These are usually either SIMMs (single inline memory modules) or DIMMs (dual inline memory modules).

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Integrated onto the board itself:

Cache: Cache is high-speed memory that is used to buffer processor requests to the regular system memory. Either 256 KB or 512 KB of cache is most common, with larger sizes such as 1 MB and higher now coming onto the market. Motherboards typically have either cache chipssoldered directly into the board, sockets for cache chips, or a socket for COASt, or "cache on a stick".

ChipSet: You will in most cases see between two and four chips labeled with the name of the company that supplied the chipset for your motherboard. The chipset normally controls data flow to and from the processor, memory and cache, as well as the system buses.

Super I/O Controller: The Super I/O controller is a single chip that, much like the system chipset, performs many functions that used to take several pieces of hardware in the past. This standardizes and simplifies the design, and thus reduces cost. The Super I/O chip typically is responsible for controlling the slower-speed, mundane peripherals found in every PC. Since these devices have been mostly standardized, they are virtually the same on every PC and it is easier to integrate these into a commodity chip instead of worrying about them for each motherboard design. (However, not really used for "processing" data, per se.)

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components on system board

by maxwell edison In reply to components on system boar ...

BIOS: BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. The system BIOS is the lowest-level software in the computer; it acts as an interface between the hardware (especially the chipset and processor) and the operating system. The BIOS provides access to the system hardware and enables the creation of the higher-level operating systems that you use to run your applications. The BIOS is also responsible for allowing you to control your computer's hardware settings, for booting up the machine when you turn on the power or hit the reset button, and various other system functions.

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Read all about these and all other (necessary) components on the main system board at this link:

http://www.pcguide.com/ref/mbsys/mobo/comp.htm

REMOVE SPACES from the pasted URL

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components on system board

by harleyy75110 In reply to components on system boar ...

The question was auto-closed by TechRepublic

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components on system board

by opatzg In reply to components on system boar ...

Other cards added to the system board can also aid in processing by removing the job from the cpu like high speed video cards, sound cards, etc.
Otherwise I think Maxwell pretty well covered it all.

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components on system board

by harleyy75110 In reply to components on system boar ...

The question was auto-closed by TechRepublic

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components on system board

by harleyy75110 In reply to components on system boar ...

This question was auto closed due to inactivity

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