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    by dcmisra ·

    CYBER QUIZ ? 3: Check the Email by Dr D.C.Misra
    Rightly described as the killer app of new technology, people took to the email as fish takes to water. Individuals now communicate across nations in a jiffy. And it is still free. No wonder billions of messages are exchanged over the internet every day, making checking email a daily habit. But is ours still a small or big world? Let us check.

    1.(a) What is email, who invented it, and when, (b) If Gmail is email introduced by search leader, Google, how does it differ from the conventional email, say Microsoft?s Hotmail and (c) With which company is the decade-old project Remail or Reinventing Email associated?

    2.Which are the top ten countries, in order of rank, in the use of email and what are the rankings for India and China?

    3.Which are the top five email service providers?

    4.In 2003, how many (a) daily emails were sent, (b) daily emails sent per email address,
    (c) daily emails sent per person, (d) daily emails sent per corporate user, (e) daily emails received per person, (f) email addresses per person existed and (g) how much did it cost to all email users?

    5.(a)What is spam, (b) The percentage of total internet email identified as spam was 45 in March 2003.To what figure did it shoot up to in February 2004 and (c) What is email harvester?

    6.(a) How much amount per year is unwittingly paid by internet users in receiving spam or junk email, and (b) Americans received 38.6 billion unsolicited email messages in 1999. To what figures was it expected to rise by end-2000 and 2003?

    7.(a) How many emails will be sent to and fro over the web in just one year? six times the traffic of the snail mail, and (b) How many email addresses change annually?

    8.What was the percentage of spam in the following categories in February 2004: (a) products, (b) financial, (c) adult (that is, for persons above 18 years of age), (d) scams, (e) health, (f) Internet (that is, Internet service and computer-related), (g) leisure, (h) fraud, (i) political, (j) spiritual, and (k) other?

    9.(a) What is the number of registered Indian email users in the following email service: (i) Yahoo! Mail, (ii) Rediffmail, and (iii) Hotmail, and (b) What is the number of email users and free storage capacity allowed in (i) Yahoo!, (iii) Microsoft, (iii) AOL and (iv) Gmail?

    10.What percentage of Internet users say that (a) they cannot do without email, (b) email makes them more efficient, (c) they waste an hour every day responding to or deleting irrelevant email, and (d) check their email at least daily?

    11.(a) The number of email messages in the United States was 394.2 billion messages in 1999 as compared to postal mail packets of 201.6 billion. What were the corresponding figures for 2000, and (b) How many email boxes existed worldwide by end of 1999?

    12.(a) Internet Access Takes Flight, screams a news headline. Three separate projects are under way to bring email and internet access to commercial airline passengers. Which are these projects and (b) When and where was the world premiere of airborne Internet allowing a passenger on board to have Internet connectivity and enable to him to send and receive emails held?

    13.(a) Who invented one of the icons of the wired world? the symbol ?@,? (b) Who invented and when the smiley face ?:-) ? meaning ?hey, I?m only joking? (c) Which was the first commercial email service, (d) On May 24, 2004 the character ?@? was added to the Morse code. What was the special occasion? and (e) What was the reason for not allowing a Chinese father to name his son ?@??

    14.What are the following: (a) POP3, (b) SMTP, (c) IMAP, (d) MIME, and (e)S / MIME?

    15.(a) It is neither pure email nor pure snail mail (traditional mail) but a mixture of two. What then is ePost in India and (b) If it is a commercial software program, what then is EchoMail?

    16.What are the following: (a) ePatra, (b) iLeap, (c) Sendmail, (d) Fetchmail, (e) Passport, (f) List server and (g) Blackberry?

    17.(a) A commercial service, this email converts all the snail mail into email. What is it called, (b) What is shamail, (c) How much dangerous is email from virus point of view, and (d) What is Google by Mail?

    18.Are two people with computer access really six emails away from each other? An online research project at Columbia University in New York has been launched to find an answer to the question whether ours is really a small world or a big world. What is the name of the project?

    19.(a) An email is not, say the knowledgeable practitioners, an ordinary letter sent electronically. It is a means of communication in its own right. How should it then end, and (b)According to the New York Times columnist Thomas L. Friedman, Jodie Williams won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997 for her contribution to the International Ban on Landmines. She achieved that ban not only without much government help, but in the face of opposition from the Big Five major powers. And what did she say was her secret weapon for organising 1,000 different human rights and arms control groups on six continents?

    20.(a) If it has been called the Google of email, what is Bloomba, (b) If it has been called an irritating cousin of SPAM, what is SPIM (c) What is Thunderbird and (d) Why one needs to be careful in writing and reading emails?

    ANSWERS TO CYBER QUIZ ? 3: Check the Email by Dr D.C.Misra

    1.(a) Electronic mail. The term is understood to mean exchange of mail or messages on computers, most notably, but not necessarily, through the Internet. The first electronic mail (email) was sent between two machines in 1972 by a BBN engineer called Ray Tomlinson working in Bolt Beranek and Newman (BBN) company in Cambridge, Massachusetts (b) Gmail, whose beta version was announced on April 1, 2004, and is in operation since then, has (free) storage capacity of 1GB (1 gigabyte or 1,000 megabytes) (500,000 pages) as against Hotmail?s (free) 1MB (megabyte), now raised to 2MB. Thus in Gmail messages are not required to be deleted (due to practically no limitation on storage), which is not the case with Hotmail. Likewise messages are also not required to be filed in Gmail as a message once sent can always be retrieved. (Check also and Hafner, Katie (2004): In Google We Trust? When the Subject Is E-Mail, May be Not, The New York Times, Technology / Circuits, April 8, Thursday,, and (c) IBM Corp. Visit the website (accessed October 23, 2004).

    2.1. Finland, 2. Denmark, 3. Australia, 4. United States, 5. Sweden, 6.Ireland, 7. Singapore, 8. Canada, 9. Austria, and 10. Mexico. India is ranked 35th and China 55th in a ranking of 59 countries with Vietnam ranked last.

    3.1. (110 million, as of October 2002), 2. (101 million, as of early 2003), 3. (53 million, unspecified date), 4. (20 million, unspecified date) and (20 million, as of July 8, 2003) and 5. (10 million, as of April 2002). (Source: Email Service Providers by Size,, accessed October 20, 2004).

    4.(a) 31 billion, (b) 56, (c) 174, (d) 34, (e) 10, (f) 3.1 average, (g) $255 million. (Source: Spam Filter Review, Spam Statistics 2004,, accessed: October 18, 2004).

    5.(a) It is the unsolicited email messages sent to individuals usually by companies promoting their wares or organisations espousing their causes. A survey conducted by Gartner Group in 1999 found that 91 per cent of email users receive spam at least once a week, and most of them favour either regulating spam or banning it altogether. (Source: Andrew Buchanan), (b) 62, according to Brightmail, an anti-spam leader (Source:, March 12, 2004), and (c) A computer program that scans websites and databases for addresses and gather them for spammers, for example, Target 2001, made by Microsys Technologies, Inc. of Findlay, Ohio. (Source: Stacy Forester, The Wall Street Journal / The Indian Express, February 11, 2002).

    6.(a) 10 billion euros ($ 9.4 billion). The figure was arrived at by a study done for the European Commission (EC) covering Europe and the US as a part of its ongoing efforts to ensure that the development of the Internet and ecommerce does not undermine Europe?s rules on Internet privacy and data protection, and (b) By end- 2000: 53.6 billion; By 2003: 75.6 billion. Ten per cent of all email is spam.

    7.(a) According to one estimate, over 600 billion. (Source: The Statesman, New Delhi, September 29, 2000), and (b) A third of all email addresses changes annually, as estimated by market research firm NFO World Group (

    8.(a) 24, (b) 18, (c) 14, (d) 11, (e) 7, (f) 6, (g) 6, (h) 4, (i) 2, (j) 1(one), and (k) 7. (Source:, March 12, 2004).

    9.(a) (i) 8.2, (ii) 4.08, and (iii) 2.3 (Figures in million as in February 2001). (Note: Hotmail has 110 million customers. It costs Microsoft $ 1 per year to maintain each mailbox. Ad revenues only cover 20 per cent of cost. It costs less than a penny for Hotmail to send an email while it costs 5 to 6 cents for smaller email service providers. (Source: Olga Kharif and Rutledge, Susann (2002): Clash of the Free E-Mail Titans, March 1, and (b) (i) 40 million (4MB), (ii) 34.4 million (2MB), (iii) 32 million (20MB), and (iv) Service yet to be formally launched, currently in beta version. (Figures in parentheses indicate free storage capacity provided) (Source: Hafner, Katie (2004): In Google We Trust? When the Subject Is E-Mail, May be Not, The New York Times, Technology / Circuits, April 8, Thursday, Since then the free storage limit in Yahoo! Mail has been raised to 100 MB

    10.(a) 70, and (b) 60, according to the E-Mail Marketing Report 2000 by US – based eMarketer, (c) 94 (Source: eMarketer 2000 ), and (d) 93, including 43 per cent who check it more than once a day and 36 per cent who check it more than five times a day. The survey was done online. It is therefore skewed towards heavy Internet users (Source: Spam Recycling Center E-mail User Survey 2000, Dataquest, December 15, 2000).

    11.(a) Email ? 536.3 billion messages; Postal mail ? 206.4 billion packets (Source: eMarketer 2000 ), and (b) About 570 million, almost six times the number in 1995. Out of these the Americans had 334 million.

    12.(a) 1. In Flight Networks, the Globalstar Satellite Network, and Qualcomm Inc. partnership. It will operate at 200 kbps and will be deployed in late 2001, 2. Air Canada will offer it in some of 767 aircrafts, and 3. Boeing Co. will offer high-speed connections in partnership with CNN, Mitsubishi Electric, and Loral Skynet (Source: Cheryl Rosen, and (b) On May 17, 2004 on board the Lufthansa Flight No. LH 452, flying from Munich, Germany to Los Angeles, California. Passengers on this flight were first in the world to experience real-time, WiFi-based, high-speed internet connectivity on a commercial flight route. (Source: News Releases dated May 11, 2004,, and dated May 17, 2004,, accessed October 20, 2004).

    13.(a) Ray Tomlinson in 1972. When this inventor of email wanted to separate sender identification (ID) from the on which he had the mail box, he examined the keyboard and rejected the alphabet as the letters could not separate the two identities. He then examined and rejected the punctuation marks as clumsy. Ultimately he selected symbol @ – meaning at- which met his requirement, (b) Scott Fahlman, an IBM researcher working on artificial intelligence (AI), on September 19, 1982 when he typed ? :-)? in an online message. In the 80s, users of a Carnegie Mellon University bulletin board proposed a variety of markers for humorous comments like *,%, &, (#) and \—-/ . Fahlman suggested 🙂 along with the admonition to read it sideways. The practice spread as Internet users found the symbol useful as a rough approximation of a twinkle in the eye. (Source: The Indian Express, New Delhi, September 20, 2002 / Andy Sullivan, Washington, September 19, 2002, Reuters) (c) OnTyme in 1976. It, however, found a limited market as the number of computer owners was very small at that time. Commercial email service began among 25 U.S. cities in 1982 and (d) The 160th anniversary of the first telegraphic transmission on May 24, 1844. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Geneva voted in December 2003 to include the character ?@? in the Morse code. Morse code is used by amateur radio operators for exchanging emails. The character ?@? has a longer code (17 beats) than the word ?at? (11 beats). However code for ?at? sounds like letter ?w.? (See What Will They Think of Next: Radio?, February 21, 2004, (accessed October 24, 2004) and Glassman, Mark (2004): @ Issue: Long Code for a Small Symbol, New York Times, April 15, available:, accessed: October 24, 2004) and (e) The request was refused as the Chinese law requires the name to be translated into Mandarin and ?@? could not be translated into Mandarin.

    14.(a)Post Office Protocol 3, a protocol used to download the email to the computer. It can be used with or without SMTP, (b) Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol used for sending email between the servers,(c) Internet Message Access Protocol, a protocol used by an e-mail client to access email on a shared mail server, (d) Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, a protocol used for supporting graphics, audio, and video in email (e) Secure MIME, a protocol used for supporting encryption for secure email.

    15.(a) It is a scheme introduced in August 2001 by the Indian Postal Service for connecting remote villages without Internet connectivity. A joint venture of India Post and Nettlinx Ltd., under the scheme, a subscriber is given a generic email id based on the postal index number (PIN) code of the delivery post office. The domain name is Mails for this address are downloaded at the nearest epost office, printed, enveloped, and then delivered by the dedicated postal staff. The tariff is is Rs 10 per A4 size paper. A prospective user of the service has to get registered online at the Web site or any of 200 ePost centres in the country on payment of minimum Rs 250. ePost, in partnership with Ecomenable, has accepted a 128 ? bit secure socket layer (SSL) Web server certificate for safe and secure transfer of mail. (Source: Himanshu Singhal, Hindustan Times, February 6, 2002) and (b) It is a commercial software program that handles a large volume of inbound and outbound email by automatically receiving, processing, responding, storing and tracking all correspondence. The program was developed by EchoMail, Inc., Cambridge, Massachsetts founded by V.A.Shiva, 37, its CEO. Shiva sometimes calls himself Dr E ?Mail. EchoMail has 125 employees including 30 developers. For details visit the Web site It competes with larger firms, such as Siebel Systems, Inc., San Mateo, California, and Kana Software, Inc., Palo Alto, California, that make software for customer relationship management (CRM) and have an e mail component. (Source: William M Bulkeley, The Wall Street Journal, November 28, 2001).

    16.(a) The first multiple Indian language email service ( developed by, (b) ?The intelligent, Internet ready, Indian language word processor on Windows? developed by C?DAC, Pune in collaboration with Pvt. Ltd. It can be downloaded from the website – d.asp , (c) The most widely used mail transport program in Unix environment written by Eric Allman. For freeware version of Sendmail? , visit the website of Sendmail Consortium at , (d) ?A one? stop solution to the remote mail retrieval problem for Unix machines?. It is open source software licensed under GNU General Public License. It was developed by Eric S. Raymond, the compiler of Jargon File. For details, visit the website, (e) Microsoft?s free e-mail service. It has 160 million subscribers, and (f) A maililing list that is administered automatically, and (g) It is an email device, which also serves as an organiser, address book, and a two-way pager. Manufactured by Research in Motion, a Canadian company, its latest model priced at $ 499 is powered by an Intel 386 processor and has 5MB memory (Source: Financial Times).

    17.(a) PaperlessPOBox. All the snail mail (traditional paper mail) of a recipient is received from a PO Box, scanned, and converted to email and then sent to the recipient?s email account the same day. The snail mail is archived for three months. Founded by David Nale in San Francisco, California in 1999, the PaperlessPOBox service was started in 2001. For details, visit the website, (b) Camera?embedded phones. It allows users to take snap shots with their mobile phones and send them to other users via email. The service has been introduced in Japan on March 1, 2002 by J?Phone, Japan?s fast growing mobile phone group (Source: Michiyo Nakemoto, Tokyo, March 1, 2002, Financial Times, London / Business Standard, March 2, 2002), (c) It is estimated that 93 per cent of all viruses are transmitted through e?mail (Source: Goh Chee Hoh, The Times of India, April 24, 2002) and (d) Not to be confused with Google Mail or Gmail, it is a a unique email service by search engine Google. Cape Clear has created an ?asynchronous Google service.? Send an email with your search terms to and GoogleMail will send you top ten results. It can be helpful in low bandwidth situation. (Source:

    18.Small World Research Project led by Columbia sociologist Duncan Watts. We live in a ?small world ? with ?six degrees of separation,? so found Stanley Miligram, a Harvard social psychologist in 1967. The phrase ?six degrees of freedom? was coined by him. It means that two people in the world are separated by six intermediaries. An article in Nature in 1998 (393: 440 ? 442) by D.J.Watts and S.H. Strogatz attempted to explain the phenomenon in terms of ?random connectors? in a ?network.? The research project questions the findings of Miligram and the commonly?held belief that ?it is a small world, after all? by trying to find whether indeed it is a Big World or Small World. For details, visit the website, For an interesting history (October 2, 2000) of the ?small world problem? which also questions Miligram?s conclusion, read Professor Judith Kleifield, University of Alaska, Fairbanks?s paper Could It Be a Big World After All at the website (See also Hindustan Times, New Delhi, February 7, 2002 / Guardian News Service).

    19.(a) The perfect email, says Steve Morris, the author of Perfect@E-Mail, should end: ?Kind regards? or ?best wishes?. Lucy Kellaway, writing in Financial Times, London, however, says: ?The best ending for these messages is no signoff at all. A brief, simple message followed by the name of the sender. Quick, functional and characterless. Just like the medium.? One would like to agree with her, and (b) Email. (Source: Friedman, T.L. (2000): The Lexus and the Olive Tree, New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux,

    20.(a) A search engine for emails typically accumulated over years, which even searches inside attachments, developed by Stata Labs, Inc., San Mateo, CA founded by Raymie Stata (a professor of web archeology) and Ray Stata in late 2001. (Bloomba is a phonetic spelling of blumba meaning historically a metal tag to identify authentic, fresh and ?kosher? meat, and thus identify real from fake email. For details, visit the website, (b) Spam through instant messaging (IM) systems, that is, unsolicited commercial instant messaging. Spim is set to triple in 2004, according to Radicati Group, Palo Alto, CA, a technology market research firm. The company projects that 1.2 billion spims will be sent, a mere trickle compared to 35 billion spams expected, but the researchers warn that spim is growing at about three times the rate of spam. (Source: The Times of India, New Delhi, April 1, 2004, Thursday, p-14 and, March 26, 2004), (c) It is an open source email client developed by Mozilla, an open source software project supported by the Mozilla Foundation established in 2003. (Source:, accessed October 18, 2004) and (d) Communication between humans is approximately 90% body language, 8% tone of voice, and 2% what you say. With email, you remove the first 98%, states Email Etiquette. As such one has to be careful in writing, reading and interpreting emails. (Source: Email Etiquette,, accessed: October 20, 2004). __________________________________________________
    ? D.C. Misra 2004. Beta version.
    Posted: November 11, 2004 (Source:
    Dr Misra is a New Delhi, India-based eGov and IT Consultant. Email:dcmisra[at]

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    • #3318659


      by chandrahcs ·

      In reply to CYBER QUIZ ? 3: CHECK THE EMAIL by Dr D.C.Misra

      This was a good collection by Dr.Misra. Hotmail in some parts of the worls is giving 2 GB(free) and in some parts 250 MB(also free).

      GMail, these days, is becoming no different than Yahoo and Hotmail in terms of SPAM.

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