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How to reinstall a missing file in XP

By Geoff59 ·
I was re-installing XP and some files could not be written from the CD to the folder so I retried and eventually I pressed F3 to cancel. Now when I restart the computer I get the following message: "Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt <Windows root>\system32\hal.dll Please re-install a copy of the above file.
How do I re-install the file and how can I get my computer to boot from the CD ROM so I can re-install Windows without getting this error message.

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by Blowtoad In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

Copy the files to a floopy (Actually, I think you can read off the CD too, but the file you are needing is probably in a .cab.)

Boot off the XP install CD and start the recovery console.
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;314058

Then you can copy the file from the floppy to the proper c:\windows\system32\

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by parthiv_13 In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

Hey there try this link you have almost all the things about windows all operating systems. http://www.windowsreinstall.com/

Good Luck.

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by Aaron A Baker In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

I have your file. I dug it up.It's in a zip form. Please tell me where you want it sent.
Just unzip and copy off disk. should be ok
Waiting for your answer.
Regards
Aaron :)

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by eric.olson In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

Seems like you might have more files missing than that. I would try what the others said, then try to install Windows XP again. However, when it detects that Windows XP is already installed, opt to "Repair" instead of running through a fresh install.

Alternatively, if you can get into safemode, or boot with something simliar to the ERD Disaster Recovery CD (Winternals), you can run sfc /scannow which should resolve the problem as well.

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by donaldcoe In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

Ths may not be the only file that is missing and or corrupt. I suggest running a Windows 2000/XP built-in utility called "sfc" which stands for system file cab. Which can be run from the command prompt. There are multiple options available to see them just type "sfc /?" without the quotes. Make to place your Windows XP CD in the CD Drive. Once invoked it is hands free until done. If is damaged file is found an original file will be installed from the CD automatically, once finished reboot and your done.

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by donaldcoe In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

Sorry I forgot to give you the exact command which is: sfc /scannow which can be invoked through the command prompt window. I have found it to be a very successful recovery tool.

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by Lost Cause? In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

I have seen this many times. I work for the Public School system and have to reload PC's and laptops all the time.

Here's what to do:
1. Insert and boot from your Windows XP CD.
2. At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
3. Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
4. Typically this will be #1
5. Type bootcfg /list to show the current entries in the BOOT.INI file. (Sometimes this will show blank.)
6. Type bootcfg /rebuild to repair it
7. Take out the CD ROM and type exit


Boot from the Hard Drive. You will next to repair the BOOT.INI file and remove the old boot line. This can be done best by using MSCONFIG.EXE and check all boot paths. Then remove the one that does not work.

This is my fix.

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by pj808 In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

All the answers are very good, and will work.. But if I read the question... He also wanted to know how to get the pc to boot from a CD.
First you have to do a cold boot (complete power down), then when the pc has finished the hardware checks, not easy to know on some pc's. But usually after the memory check is seen completed, (oh and you may have to press the esc key to view the bootup if a windows start graphic has displayed over the normal "black" screen). Press F1 (on most pc's the screen will state what key to press) to enter the BIOS settings or Menu. Then find and set the startup sequence, to CDRom, then Harddisk (and floppy drive, if desired) for the search for a bootable OS. Note if this sequence is left this way, anytime you have left a CD in the drive, your PC will boot from any CD, if capable.

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by ezrab_m In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

Have you tried Safe Mode? If you can get into a DOS mode, you may be able to copy the required file and install it using normal DOS commands.
Good luck

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by Aaron A Baker In reply to How to reinstall a missin ...

It really annoys the heck out of me when someone asks for help and you start moving mountains to help them. Then they don't even have the courtesy to come back and check to see if anybody cared about their little problem. They don't even come back and stick an acknowledgement post. Since most of us are only too glad to help in any way we can, I should think a reply of any kind would be in order. This really ticks me off. I must admit to being disappointed here. You asked for a file, I'm here,ready to send it to you with the accompanying files as it can't be just the one, I ask where you want it sent and you can't even be bothered to give us the courtesy of a reply?
Well friend, good luck in finding your file.
I 'm very disappointed in the lack of tact and consideration and here.
I shall remember the name.
Thank You
Aaron

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