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Linux Vs Windows

By Bspeaker ·
Ok, I'm new here and I'm doing a report on Linux vs Windows. I would like to know what everyone else out there thinks of the two. What makes Linux better than Windows or vice versa. I have no experience with Linux but the more that I read on the subject the more I want to know. I appreciate any help that any of you can give me. I do know Linux is open source and there are many free versions. Please let me know what else is out there.

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by jasonn In reply to Linux Vs Windows

try going to www.distrowatch.com there you can link to all the major linux distro main pages along with forums etc to find more information

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by Jaqui In reply to Linux Vs Windows

Linux benefits:
more secure by design
more stable.
fewer malware problems ( virus / adware / spyware )
true multiuser operating system, easier to have non-priveledged users getting work done.

Linux Drawbacks:
lack of support from hardware makers. ( linux has to reverse engineer drivers for most hardware )
lack of "commercial" software ( microsoft won't make office for linux, Adobe won't make any of thier desktop apps for linux... )


with the number of distributions available, that is both a positive and a negative.
positive, you have a choice, and the fact of the choice promotes development
negative, you have to look at several different options to pick a distro. a lack of knowledge / experience makes this harder, but no-one else can pick the corect distro for your needs.

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by SpikeyMike In reply to Linux Vs Windows

Here is an interesting link that makes the point that Linux is not windows: http://linux.oneandoneis2.org/LNW.htm

And here is a link to an article that explains the fundamental design differences: http://www.theregister.co.uk/security/security_report_windows_vs_linux/#winvslinuxdesign

It boils down to this: A modular approach (Linux) or a monolithic model (Windows). With Windows, lots of functionality is placed in the kernel. This is why a system may be compromised by a vulnerability, even when a non-administrator user is running the affected software.

On Linux, any vulnerability or vulnerable software executes with the same rights as the user running them. This is the benefit of the modular design.

-Mike

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by jc2it In reply to Linux Vs Windows

The other answers all make very good points, and I would agree with most of them.

Here is an additional point based on your Original Question.

If you are looking for the lowest cost in terms of Dollars with High Security Probably a free (as in $$$)Linux distribution is right up your alley. Like Ubuntu, Centos, SimplyMepis, or Debian There are quite a few.

If you want an Enterprise OS that will allow you to train yourself for future employment. Then try Red Hat ES (or Fedora Core, or Centos), SuSE, or Slackware.

If you are looking for the lowest cost in terms of time then probably MS Windows XP would be your best bet, or what ever version of Windows you have used the most.

If you are looking for a more well designed OS that incorporates "User Friendly" and High Security then go for a Macintosh.

It really depends on your needs. When you get right down to it You probabaly need one of each. ;-)

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by kudincendol In reply to Linux Vs Windows

If you are writing academic report, then probably you can get academic papers from here:-
http://opensource.mit.edu

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by Andy Goss In reply to Linux Vs Windows

Having just upgraded my wife's PC from 98SE to XP, and having installed several Linux distros on my own machine, I would say the basic XP upgrade is no quicker than a basic install of, say, Ubuntu, and requires a similar level of preparation and technical skill if you want to minimise risk. What takes the time in both cases is upgrading the installed version, and then configuring the result to the way you want it. In the case of the XP upgrade, I had to make it look as much like 98SE as possible, and the mouse still won't scroll!
One big practical advantage of Linux distros is the software inventory. XP has a few nice tools, but no Open Office, no Gimp, and the same lousy text editors as ever. And the XP upgrade costs actual money, over $AUS 160, while I have any number of Linux distros free with magazines, you can get Ubuntu for nothing including postage, and most can be downloaded or bought for the cost of a light lunch. And then there is this Authentication thing, which will cause big problems if I ever have to reinstall - fist 98SE then XP upgrade and then re-authenticate? I shudder to think of it.
Unless, like my wife, you are psychologically dependent on particular items of Windows software, I can see no good reason, at a SOHO level, for using Windows.

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Why Look at Linux or Window?

by pradip.bhatt In reply to Linux Vs Windows

Linux is attractive because of its open source community, easily available skillset, UNIX inheritance.

On the other hand, Windows is insecure, instable, and error prone.

I recommend taking a look at AIX from IBM on power5 platform. Benchmarks show, AIX runs superfast on p5 (almost 1/2 the processors needed then Intel or AMD), is extremely reliable due to mainframe inheritance on p5 and you can partition the single processor to 1/10 of a processor..and run multiple operating systems including AIX or LINUX.

Check out http://www.ibm.com/systems/p/
for more info.

IBM provides virtualization engine on LINUX or AIX on P5 and gives you mainframe type capabilities.

If you are looking to modify operating source codes..and maintain it..then look at LINUX, if you are looking to stay status quo with insecure OS then go with Windows, but if you want to run real computing applications..then use AIX on p5 and run LINUX workload in parallel on the same box.


hope this helps

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