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Routine Maintenance

By n61j ·
I am trying to get together a list of Daily, Weekly and Monthly Maintenance for my PDC, BDC and File Servers. I haven't been able to find anything stating good actions to take to maintain your system. Please Help!!

IT2, USN

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by mjost In reply to Routine Maintenance

Windows Server Administration Checklists
Part 1

All Media/CD?s and licenses for the operating system must be readily available. In addition it would be prudent to have all 3rd party application media and licenses available. These should be kept together in a secure location that is known by the local administrator and will be known by ITS.

The following lists are not all inclusive nor may they be ideal for your environment. However they are a good start to ensure that your servers are kept up to date and properly maintained.
Daily:

Check event log of every server, fix/try to fix as needed.
Creating new directories, shares, and security groups, new accounts, disabling/deleting old accounts, managing account policies.
Make sure backup runs and verify the files.
Check for free space on all servers, for file pollution and quotas.
Ensure that all server services are running.
Ensure that anti-virus definitions are up-to-date.
Keep Service Pack and Hot fixes current.
Check Print Queues.
Keep a log of everything you have fixed or performed maintenance on.
Permissions and files system management where appropriate.

Nightly:
Backups - ensure that backups are being performed nightly and verify their successful completion. The top 10 rules of system administration on any operating system are

backups
backups
backups...

Weekly:
Clean Servers, check for .tmp files, jetdb files, etc.
Implement any new policy, permission, logon script, or scheduled server modification.
Reboot Servers if needed.
Keep up-to-date on IT news regarding networks and security.
Evaluate software for System Admin purposes.
Performance Monitoring/Capacity Planning- Budgeting for the future.
Uptime/Downtime reports.
Audit network for unauthorized changes.

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by mjost In reply to Routine Maintenance

Windows Server Administration Checklists
Part 2

Monthly:
Change Service Account Passwords, this could be done quarterly.
Extended testing backups with restores.
Maintaining applicable Service Level Agreements.
Managing off-site storage of backup tapes, whether you take them home or a service picks them up.
Periodically reviewing all of the above, is documentation up to date?
Has the Disaster Recovery Plan been updated to reflect changes in the environment?
Periodically reviewing workload.
Periodically review company technical environment. How can it be improved?
Run defrag and chkdsk on all drives.Review audit policies, audit user rights and privileged local and global groups.

Initial or Occasionally:
Test disaster recovery process to an alternate site, in case of emergency.
Test the backup restore procedure.
Get a performance baseline for things like %Processor Time, Pagefiling, Disk Queues.
Security Options for Microsoft Windows based server operating systems:

There is no panacea in regards to security in a Microsoft Windows environment. However, taking some prudent steps can help mitigate your exposure. Note that Microsoft, among others, changes their links periodically. At the time of writing these were up to date and viable.

Windows Server Support Resources
http://www.microsoft.com/security Microsoft has a plethora of security information here
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/security/tools/tools.asp Microsoft has recently added baseline security checklists for the various Windows server operating systems and environments.
http://www.microsoft.com/technet TechNet itself is a great resource for security.
http://www.sans.org The SANS, Systems Administration, Networking and Security, organization is a good source for security information.
http://www.ntbugtraq.com Ntbugtraq is one a highly recommended source of independent security information in the Windows world.
http://www

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by mjost In reply to Routine Maintenance

Windows Server Administration Checklists
Part

http://www.cert.org CERT is another site to keep abreast of.
http://www.antivirus.com The various virus protection vendors have good sites and applicable information. A couple of them are listed here.
http://www.mcafee.com

There are numerous list servers that can provide you with up to date information on security issues. Each of the sites listed above have list services. It is recommended to join at least the Microsoft one and possibly one other. SANS and ntbugtraq are 2 that are highly informative.

Periodically run http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com. From within this area your server can be checked for the absence of hot fixes, service PAK?s, etc. and make recommendations for addressing any discrepancy found. Check any IIS hot fixes manually.

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