General discussion



By vidalr ·

Which was the first virus in computer history? Was it made or was and error? If it was and error? Was it corrected? If it was corrected why we have so many today? Who made them and why? Do adwares and spywares follow the same principals? Why Windows is known for being vulnerably to virus and spywares? Is the problem in Windows holes and being vulnerably? Or the problem is that Microsoft Corporation is under constant attack? If Windows is attacked, who is the attacker? Why the end user and corporations have to pay for these attacks? Are Linux users the attackers? Why Linux users are known as bug makers?
Which System is better? Windows? Why? Linux? Why? Is Windows against Linux? Or Linux against, Windows? Is the computer industry about finding holes or is about a System that a home user can bring home and safely do his work, his graphics, give it to his children so they become better in many aspects?
Who was the first crush maker in USA history? What did he use to make computers crush in the seventies? A virus.
If you have the answer to this questions please write it.

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1st Virus in History.

by michael_orton In reply to WHAT IS A VIRUS, ADWARES ...

Do a Google for "Morris Worm" you can even get the source code, but I believe that Vannever Bush in the 40s actually thought of the concept of a computer virus, and that was when there were only a few in the world.
I started on STRETCH in around 1960 using Fortran-2. We had no viruses them but plenty of crashes.
And I found that nothing worked first time around, but that was probably a reflection on my skills rather that of STRETCH!
Linux may be better than windows but personally I wouldn't trust any IT system.
Todays news had article about UK Child Support Agencies IT woes.

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by vidalr In reply to 1st Virus in History.

One of the primary programmers for the Mark I was a woman, Grace Hopper. Hopper found the first computer "bug": a dead moth that had gotten into the Mark I and whose wings were blocking the reading of the holes in the paper tape. The word "bug" had been used to describe a defect since at least 1889 but Hopper is credited with coining the word "debugging" to describe the work to eliminate program faults.

The first computer bug [photo ? 2002 IEEE]
In 1953 Grace Hopper invented the first high-level language, "Flow-matic". This language eventually became COBOL which was the language most affected by the infamous Y2K problem. A high-level language is designed to be more understandable by humans than is the binary language understood by the computing machinery. A high-level language is worthless without a program -- known as a compiler -- to translate it into the binary language of the computer and hence Grace Hopper also constructed the world's first compiler. Grace remained active as a Rear Admiral in the Navy Reserves until she was 79 (another record).

The Mark I operated on numbers that were 23 digits wide. It could add or subtract two of these numbers in three-tenths of a second, multiply them in four seconds, and divide them in ten seconds. Forty-five years later computers could perform an addition in a billionth of a second! Even though the Mark I had three quarters of a million components, it could only store 72 numbers! Today, home computers can store 30 million numbers in RAM and another 10 billion numbers on their hard disk. Today, a number can be pulled from RAM after a delay of only a few billionths of a second, and from a hard disk after a delay of only a few thousandths of a second. This kind of speed is obviously impossible for a machine which must move a rotating shaft and that is why electronic computers killed off their mechanical predecessors.

On a humorous note, the principal designer of the Mark I, Howard Aiken of Harvard, estimated in 1947 that six electronic digital computers would be sufficient to satisfy the computing needs of the entire United States. IBM had commissioned this study to determine whether it should bother developing this new invention into one of its standard products (up until then computers were one-of-a-kind items built by special arrangement). Aiken's prediction wasn't actually so bad as there were very few institutions (principally, the government and military) that could afford the cost of what was called a computer in 1947. He just didn't foresee the micro-electronics revolution which would allow something like an IBM Stretch computer of 1959:

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