Well, there are lots of tools that you can choose to create wordpress theme without using any plugins some of them which are most used and popular are listed below:
2. Code Editor
3. Version Control
4. FTP Client
To start, you’ll need an understanding of HTML, CSS, and PHP, which are fundamental for designing and structuring your theme.
Utilize a good code editor like Visual Studio Code or Sublime Text to write clean, efficient code. Additionally, using a CSS preprocessor like SASS or LESS can streamline your stylesheets. Leveraging a front-end framework like Bootstrap or Foundation can help with responsive design and layout. It’s also essential to learn about WordPress template hierarchy, which guides how WordPress interprets different template files.
Lastly, familiarize yourself with WordPress functions and tags to dynamically display content in your theme. With these tools and knowledge, you can build a custom WordPress theme from scratch without relying on plugins.