You may not realize it, but we’re fast approaching the ninth
anniversary of one of the most memorable moments in the development of the
Windows operating system. On April 20, 1998, Bill Gates famously helped
demonstrate the features of the then-upcoming Windows 98 OS in front of a live
audience at Comdex — only to be interrupted mid-demo by
the infamous Blue Screen of Death

Captured on video by a news network, the incident quickly made
the TV and Internet rounds as an example of the storied flaws with all
incarnations of the Windows OS. For his part, Gates just shrugged it off with
this comment: “That must be why we’re not shipping Windows 98 yet.”

For those rarest of individuals unfamiliar with the Windows
Blue Screen of Death (BSOD), its formal Microsoft title is the Stop Error screen. In the Windows 95 and
Windows 98 operating systems, the BSOD was the result of either a faulty device
driver or a dynamic link library (DLL) conflict — otherwise known as DLL Hell. In other incarnations of the
Windows OS family — including NT, 2000, 2003, XP, and Vista — the BSOD indicates
an illegal operation from which the OS kernel can’t recover.

The Windows 9x breed of BSOD was far more common than the
more modern versions, popping up pretty much anytime the OS encountered an
unfamiliar chunk of hardware (such as, say, a scanner during a Comdex
presentation) that didn’t have correctly configured DLLs or properly written
drivers. The popularity of these OS releases made the BSOD a household
experience — so much so that some people think the BSOD is native to all
consumer computer operating systems.

But that’s not the case. There are almost as many
“death screens” as there are operating systems, though some are more
colorful than others.

For example, various Apple Macintosh OS releases have
employed the so-called Sad Mac
frowning icon screen or the Mac Bomb
error page. However, Mac OS X endures a UNIX-derived kernel panic screen, which
is actually gray.

MS-DOS and its one-time rival OS/2 both had a Black Screen
of Death, as did pre-95 versions of Windows. Indeed, Microsoft has created
screens of death in many colors, with early Vista beta releases displaying a
Red Screen of Death for certain errors, and Xbox firmware throwing up a Green
Screen of Death for its serious malfunctions.

Still, none of these death screens is perhaps so whimsical
as the so-called trip to India. One
OS fancifully dubbed its death screen Guru
— taking the cake for lighthearted operating system death


Which operating system’s version of the contemporary Windows
Blue Screen of Death was instead a Guru
— perhaps the most whimsical fatal error notification ever
employed by a major OS?

The answer is none other than the earlier versions of the
venerable AmigaOS, which powered the Amiga line of computers back in the 1980s.
If the AmigaOS crashed, it would throw up a
flashing rectangular box
at the top of the screen that contained the Guru Meditation phrase, followed by an
error code.

If the crash was fatal, the box would flash red. In AmigaOS
2.x and later, the box would flash yellow if the crash was recoverable. While
the overall screen was black, the curiously phrased, colorfully illuminated
alert box generally distinguishes the Guru Meditation from a conventional Black
Screen of Death.

So, yeah, what’s up with that phrasing? It’s clearly an inside
joke from the Amiga developers. Specifically, it refers to a video game called Zen Meditation — a game played by using
a rather unusual controller called a joyboard.
Similar to a joystick, a player manipulates the joyboard by standing or sitting
on it, shifting his or her center of gravity to close switches on the outer
edge of the pivot board.

Rather than the traditional ping-pong, foosball, or video
game showdowns common to software development offices, the AmigaOS dev crew
would sit on the local joyboard and try to remain perfectly centered and still
— Zen guru style — for extended periods, seeing how long they could avoid
closing a switch on the board. The game was so popular around the Amiga teams
that they honored it in the OS error code notification.

But the inside jokes didn’t end there. The team programmed
the Guru Meditation box’s flashing border to alternate between black and red
6,089 times — in honor of the Motorola 6089 chipset preferred by the software
design team.

While only the earlier versions of the AmigaOS — 3.x and
before — boast traditional Guru Meditations, the OS itself is still in use and
development. Even though Amiga hardware is not currently in production
(despite several attempts at revival), the company released AmigaOS 4.0 in late

In the newer versions of the OS, The
Grim Reaper
greets fatal errors with its error-handler pop-up boxes,
but the error codes themselves still boast the Guru Meditation label. Some
things are a technological tradition — and deathly fun Geek Trivia.

Get ready for the Geekend

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The Quibble of the Week

If you uncover a questionable fact or debatable aspect of
this week’s Geek Trivia, just post it in the discussion area of the article.
Every week, yours truly will choose the best post from our assembled masses and
discuss it in a future edition of Geek Trivia.

This week’s quibble comes from the April 4 edition of Geek
Trivia, “404-letter words.”
TechRepublic member brechinj called
me out for a list-order error.

“In the article, you state, ‘Only 100 and 200 have similar
meanings under both [FTP and HTTP code] standards — OK and Continue,
respectively.’ According to RFC 2616,
100 is Continue, and 200 is OK.”

Right you are, dear reader: I transposed my error codes —
which itself was an error. What irony. Good catch, and keep those quibbles

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The Trivia Geek, also
known as Jay Garmon, is a former advertising copywriter and Web developer who’s
duped TechRepublic into underwriting his affinity for movies, sci-fi, comic
books, technology, and all things geekish or subcultural.