No matter how many features Microsoft crams into its Windows 10 operating system, there will always be users looking for a faster, better or different way of doing things. Microsoft’s acknowledgment of this force of human nature is the Microsoft PowerToys download. With the general release of Microsoft Windows 11, developers are now referring to this project as Microsoft PowerToys rather than Windows 10 PowerToys.
SEE: Get lifetime access to Microsoft Office 2021 with this deal from TechRepublic Academy
A set of slightly unusual free Windows tools has been a part of the Windows operating system landscape since Windows 95, but their availability was noticeably absent for Windows 10 and Windows 11 — at least until September 2019.
In 2019, Microsoft partnered with Janea Systems and released the first two PowerToys for Windows 10, accompanied by a promise of more releases in the near future. This TechRepublic cheat sheet describes each available tool or feature provided by Microsoft’s official Microsoft PowerToys and describes what each system utility can do.
- When was Microsoft PowerToys first made available?
- How can I get Microsoft PowerToys?
- What can Microsoft PowerToys do?
- Are more Microsoft PowerToys coming soon?
- Why are Microsoft PowerToys important?
When was Microsoft PowerToys first made available?
The first set of Microsoft PowerToys were first made available for Windows 95. That first set of 15 free utilities were published and endorsed by Microsoft and made available in a free download.
From the beginning, PowerToys were designed for “power users” who were seeking ways to tweak how the operating system functions. In some cases, inexperienced users were able to make a careless change while using a PowerToys utility, which could wreak havoc within the Windows operating system; as such, novice users have often been encouraged to use caution.
For the most part, though, PowerToys have allowed users — whether they considered themselves power users or not — to more easily make tweaks to the look and feel of Windows without a deep dive into configuration screens or the dreaded and dangerous edit of the Windows Registry file.
Even in the earliest iterations of PowerToys, Microsoft offered users many valuable functionalities. Windows 95 PowerToys included:
- TweakUI was used for tweaking obscure Windows settings.
- CD Autoplay allowed all CDs to autoplay, not just audio CDs.
- Command Prompt Here opened a command prompt in the current directory.
- Explore from Here opened File Explorer in the current directory.
- FlexiCD allowed users to control audio CDs from the Taskbar.
- Xmouse 1.2 allowed users to change window focus by moving the mouse cursor, no click needed.
Through the years and various Windows versions, individual PowerToys have come and gone. Each Windows version inspired a new set of tools based on what developers perceived was needed to improve and enhance that version. Windows 10 inspired a completely new set of PowerToys.
Additional resources for Windows users
- 3 simple ways to find your Windows 10 product key (TechRepublic)
- Improve your desktop productivity with Microsoft Windows 11 Pro (TechRepublic)
- Windows 11: Tips on installation, security and more (free PDF) (TechRepublic)
How can I get Microsoft PowerToys?
Traditionally, each of the Microsoft PowerToys has been offered as a separate executable file, available as a free download from a specific Microsoft website.
For Windows 10 and Windows 11, Microsoft has taken a slightly different approach. All Windows 10 PowerToys are now included as part of a free downloadable system that users can configure. Figure A shows you what the Microsoft PowerToys system looks like.
Windows PowerToys Version 0.73.0 is available on GitHub right now. Release v0.73.0 adds the Crop and Lock utility to the toolset already available in PowerToys, as well as makes quality-of-life improvements and bug fixes. Crop and Lock allows users to crop a current application into a smaller window or create a thumbnail.
These PowerToys are currently available:
- Windows key Shortcut Guide
- Preview Pane add-ons for File Explorer
- Image resizer
- Window Walker
- PowerToys Run
- Keyboard Manager
- Color Picker
- Video Conference Mute
- Mouse utilities
- Always on Top
- Screen Ruler
- Quick Accent
- Text Extractor
- File Locksmith
- Hosts File Editor
- Mouse Jump
- Paste as Text
- Registry Preview
- Mouse Without Borders
- Crop and Lock
What can Microsoft PowerToys do?
Here is a list of available Microsoft PowerToys with a brief description of what each toy does.
FancyZones allows users to manage where and how each application window that is open on a Windows desktop will display.
SEE: Learn more about how to use and configure FancyZones.
For example, you could use FancyZones to set up a Windows 10 desktop where Outlook always displays on the right-hand side of the desktop, Twitter or other social media always displays on the left-hand side of the desktop, and Word or Excel always displays in the middle between the other two. There would be three distinct and perpetual zones displayed at all times (Figure B).
Windows key Shortcut Guide
The Windows key Shortcut Guide displays all of the available keyboard shortcuts for the current Windows desktop (Figure C). This PowerToy is activated by holding the Windows key down for the length of time specified in the tool’s configuration settings. The default is 900ms.
SEE: Here’s how to use the Windows key Shortcut Guide.
With this feature, users don’t have to remember so many Windows key-related shortcut combinations.
The PowerRename Windows PowerToy provides users with advanced tools for bulk renaming of files. The toy extends the Windows Shell Context Menu to add an entry for PowerRename to File Explorer (Figure D).
With PowerRename enabled, simple search and replace or more powerful regular expression matching are added to your toolset for the bulk renaming process. A preview area is displayed as you perform search and replace procedures, so you can see how file names will change before initiating the action.
Preview Pane add-ons for File Explorer
This Windows PowerToy expands on the Preview Pane feature already available in the standard File Explorer application by adding additional file types. Preview Pane allows users to preview the contents of a file after clicking it in File Explorer without actually opening the file (Figure E).
Version 0.16.0 adds preview support for Scalable Vector Graphics (.svg) and Markdown (.md) files. Subsequent PowerToys releases have added more file types including source code files and geometric code.
The Image Resizer Windows PowerToy adds more functionality to File Explorer by allowing users to apply bulk image resizing. Users can select images in File Explorer and then select the new Resize Pictures item on the context menu, revealed with a right-click on any image (Figure F).
The Window Walker Windows PowerToy is designed to be an alternative to the standard Alt-Tab feature in Windows 10 and Windows 11. Users press the CTRL-Windows key combination instead of Alt-Tab to pull up a search box (Figure G). Users then enter keywords into the search box to narrow down the currently open apps and screens on their desktop.
PowerToys Run acts as a quick launcher in Windows. It is another extension of the ALT-Tab concept and taps into the Windows file indexing system. To activate the tool, use the keyboard combination ALT-Space and start typing the name of your desired application (Figure H).
PowerToys Run will search the system and start listing possible applications based on your search phrase. When the application you desire appears, click or tap to run.
The Keyboard Manager application in Microsoft PowerToys is a simple keyboard remapper. Run the application from the PowerToys menu (Figure I) and either remap a single key on your keyboard or remap a shortcut keyboard combination. Whatever you remap will remain active as long as Keyboard Manager is enabled and PowerToys is running in the background.
Color Picker was contributed to the Microsoft PowerToys project by Martin Chrzan. The utility allows you to identify any color on your screen by either its HEX or RGB code and then save that information to the Windows clipboard for later use (Figure J). It is a simple tool, but it can save time and prevent frustration for developers and content creators working on color design.
Video Conference Mute
As a number of organizations shifted to remote work structures during the COVID-19 pandemic, many of us now rely on video teleconferencing for work and school interactions and collaboration. The Video Conference Mute tool in Microsoft PowerToys allows you to mute the audio and video on your PC with a single key combination (Figure K).
You may mute both audio and video at the same time or independently. The same key combination will toggle the audio and video back to the on position. The Video Conference Mute tool works regardless of what app you are using or what app is currently in the foreground.
The Microsoft PowerToys tool Awake was contributed to the PowerToys project by the community with attribution given to Den Delimarsky. Awake allows users to keep their computer awake on-demand without having to manage its power settings (Figure L).
Mouse utilities was contributed to the Microsoft PowerToys project by Raymond Chen. Mouse utilities is a collection of features that enhance the mouse and cursor functionality on Windows systems.
With two consecutive presses of the Left CTRL key, Find My Mouse will locate your mouse cursor and highlight its current position with a halo (Figure M). Pressing the Esc key will dismiss the highlight. The Find My Mouse feature is useful for presentations on large displays when you want to draw the audience’s attention to a specific area of the screen.
Always on Top
Always on Top allows users to designate the application window currently in focus as “always on top” with a keyboard shortcut toggle (Figure N).
Regardless of what commands, mouse clicks or other inputs are made from that point on, the designated window will remain at the forefront, superseding any other open windows until Always on Top is toggled off. The default keyboard shortcut for the Always on Top toggle is Windows Key + CTRL + T.
The Microsoft PowerToys utility, Screen Ruler is a quick and easy way to measure the pixels represented on your display screen (Figure O). The tool is perfect for determining the pixel size of a potential screen capture or for lining up objects in a document.
Quick Accent is an alternative way to type accented characters, which is useful for when a keyboard doesn’t support that specific accent with a quick key combo (Figure P). Use this utility to create accented characters, especially for writing in languages other than English.
The Microsoft PowerToys utility Text Extractor is a convenient way to copy text from anywhere on your screen (Figure Q). This code is based on Joe Finney’s Text Grab. Text Extractor uses optical character recognition to read the text on the screen, so it may require editing or proofreading.
The Microsoft PowerToys utility File Locksmith is a Windows shell extension for checking what files are in use and by which processes (Figure R). After installing, right-click on one or more selected files in File Explorer, and then select “What’s using this file?” from the context menu.
Hosts File Editor
The Window PowerToys utility Hosts File Editor is a quick and simple utility for editing a local hosts file (Figure S). Note, the application will only work if a hosts file exists.
The Microsoft PowerToys utility Mouse Jump is a new feature for the existing set of mouse utilities (Figure T). Mouse Jump allows you to instantly move the mouse pointer great distances on the same screen and even jump from one screen to another, if you wish.
SEE: Learn more about the features that released with PowerToys 0.68.0.
Paste as Text
The Window PowerToys utility Paste as Text is a keyboard combination shortcut that allows users to paste formatted clipboard contents as plain unformatted text (Figure U). Using this tool will also replace the formatted text with plain text in the clipboard, so users can always paste as text.
PowerToys Registry Preview, released in Version 0.69.0, is designed to simplify the process of visualizing and editing Windows Registry files (Figure V). The utility app also allows you to write registry changes directly to the Windows Registry file without using the standard Regedit app that comes built into the Windows operating system.
Mouse Without Borders
PowerToys Mouse Without Borders, released in Version 0.70.0, gives users the ability to interact with other computers using the same keyboard and mouse they are using for their current PC (Figure W). With Mouse Without Borders, users can also share clipboard and files between the machines. Control of the other computers is granted using an encryption key.
Peek, released in Version 0.70.0, allows users to see a quick preview of files they select in File Explorer when they press a specified keyboard shortcut (Figure X). The keyboard shortcut can be modified to a user’s preference.
Crop And Lock
PowerToys Crop And Lock, released in Version 0.73.0, allows users to crop a current application into a smaller window or create a thumbnail (Figure Y). The utility allows you to focus attention on a specific section of an application window without shutting down the application’s running functions. Essentially, from the application’s perspective, the window is normal, but from the user’s perspective, the window is smaller or thumbnail size.
Are more Microsoft PowerToys coming soon?
New Microsoft PowerToys are periodically added to the Windows library to address new user expectations and requirements. As new PowerToys are released, this list of available tools will be updated to reflect that expansion.
- How to use Windows 10 PowerToys Run to open applications, folders, and files (TechRepublic)
- How to find open apps with the Window Walker tool in Windows 10 PowerToys (TechRepublic)
- How to batch rename files in Windows 10 with the PowerToys PowerRename tool (TechRepublic)
- How to manage your notifications in Windows 10 (TechRepublic)
Why are Microsoft PowerToys important?
Microsoft PowerToys provide tools and features that can make users of the Windows operating system more productive and, by extension, happier. Over the years, many users have come to depend on one or more of these PowerToys for their daily computer productivity. For many power users, PowerToys improve their quality of work and life.
SEE: Build a Microsoft 365 Services Usage Policy with this template from TechRepublic Premium.
Beyond making users more productive, PowerToys have also provided a glimpse into what features and tools could and should become an integral part of the Windows operating system in the future. Many of these once-separate tools have become just another part of the operating system during its next iteration.
How much RAM does PowerToys use?
The amount of RAM Microsoft PowerToys uses is entirely dependent on how many tools and apps you have decided to run in the background. The PowerToys Settings app, which runs in the background and can be accessed from the Windows 11 system tray, requires about 104 MB of RAM. Each additional running app requires more RAM to support it, which you can gauge for yourself in Windows Task Manager (Figure Z).
In general, the amount of RAM required by PowerToys apps is significant enough that you should activate only the tools you are actually using. If you determine an app is not something you use on a regular basis, it may be advantageous to set it to the “off” position. You can always turn it on again when you need it.
Editor’s note: This article was updated to reflect the latest version of Microsoft PowerToys.